Wooden Bhairava Mask

SKU LK.118
Circa

1500 AD to 1700 AD

Dimensions

10.5″ (26.7cm) high x 12.8″ (32.5cm) wide

Medium

Wood

Origin

Nepal

Gallery Location

UK


 

Bhairava has a special significance in Nepal as he is the guardian of Kathmandu. His image is still paraded through the streets every year as part of the festival of Indra-Jahra. This is part of an ancient tradition in which the deity was valued for his ability to ward off evil with his ferocious appearance. Bhairava was regarded as a manifestation of Shiva, created to punish Brahma during a dispute between the two deities. The argument arose because Brahma tried to usurp Shiva in his role as supreme creator of the universe. As punishment, Bhairava beheaded one of Brahma’s five heads.

In this mask Bhairava has all his traditional attributes including a headdress formed from writhing serpents, three bulging eyes, flaring eyebrows and a pair of tiger’s teeth clearly visible in his open mouth. Above the forehead is a representation of Shiva in his peaceful form. The quality of the carving is impressive, especially the two larger snakes that adorn the deity’s earlobes. There are considerable traces of red pigment on the mask. This is a ritual powder that reminds us that this object was once an important focus of worship.

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